Climate Changed: All the Fun of an Apocalyptic Quarter Life Crisis

Climate Changed is one of those concepts that plays itself out. The material, the medium, the subject, all move together in the best possible ways: Graphic novel to depict the reality of the situation without seeming hyperbolic, informed/researched topic established and defended against its more vocal opponents, and a story of personal growth and introspection to invest the reader. All the author has to do is load the gun and shot the fish that he’s managed to wrangle up into his barrel.

Pictured Above: Climate Changed's Editing Process
Pictured Above: Climate Changed’s Editing Process

Well, the magic of ego, self-pity, or pessimism managed to knock the gun out of his hand causing it to misfire into an oxygen tank. Now we’re left with a bunch of free fish, the remnants of a promising barrel, a sinking ship, and a cantankerous artist trying to stay afloat. Although, that scenario might be a little too active to be compared to climate changed. Perhaps a better analogy would have the author staring at the barrel for a few hundred pages while he reads about the history of barrel making and ultimately decides that fish are impervious to bullets.

Every brilliant idea in Climate Changed is boiled down into its least palatable state and mashed together with a pessimistic outlook and a disdain towards purpose.


The material consists of well-drawn scenarios and informative pages that weave in and out of autobiographical portraits commenting on the book. However, these moments of clarity are drowned in huge walls of text that illustrate various experts explaining the concepts and complexities of global warming and climate change. If the reader is lucky enough they can even experience a few pages of the author drawing himself, thinking about the walls of text, that he has drawn and giving exposition on how it makes him feel. When he’s not reflecting on his own work (that he is in the process of making) he’s introducing the act of him coming up with the idea to do whatever it is he is about to do. The Katrina, Fast Food, and economic portions are fantastic, but the sheer volume of redundancy that separates them makes it almost impossible to read that far into the story.

Any hope that the author had of exploiting the unique venue of graphic novels to create a more satisfying end is lost after the first 100 pages. We get an insightful frame story that shows how little the author (and by proxy the reader) knows about global warming. A solution is made: let’s take the same infographics that we’ve been seeing for years, coupled with the same dry explanations we’ve been ignoring for years, and punctuate them with illustrations of events and consequences that we’ve been sharing and forgetting for years. In the end, we’re left with a compartmentalized collection of the highlights of climate change.

Now if you’re an optimist you’re still hoping that the author is growing as a person and a narrator during his quest for knowledge. I mean he gave us a problem and went into detail about its causes and what needs to be done, he’d have to go out of his way to avoid coming to some sort of conclusion or statement that reflects the past 430 pages of work.

The above image works as both a cover and a plot synopsis
The above image works as both a cover and a plot synopsis

Well optimists you are correct, he indeed does literally go out of his way into a forest atop a remote hill and declares that change is almost certainly an impossibility. He doesn’t see anything that we as individuals can do to help.

Hold on though, this is some postmodern, neo-new artistic type stuff, the ideas and results and content must be layered. Right? I mean who would write a 430-page book about something that is wrong in the world and have no intent or purpose behind it. Maybe he’s commenting on how defeated we are and the problems that this attitude causes? Yeah, that’s it, giant metaphor meant to document the struggle to not act in comparison to the logic of acting towards a solution. Well, maybe that was complex but at least he got us to think and change by creating something he truly believed would help.

Actually, no, the author in a later interview says that he doesn’t believe his book or any form of media can change anything in the world. So, no layers, just a spread out piece of narcissistic sadness printed on 430 pages of ironic former trees.

Possible Alternative Titles: An Inconvenient Truth Part Deux: We’re Pretty Much Screwed

It’s the End of the World as we Know it… and I Feel Fine

On an educational and scientific level, climate change is a topic that is very important to me. I consistently find myself very aware of the fact that climate change is a serious problem facing our world, but is simultaneously a problem that no one seems to take all that seriously. However, in reading Climate Changed: a Personal Journey through Science, I find my climate change related anxiety somewhat eased. Not because I’m wrong to think that climate change is a serious problem, it is, but because one of the most difficult aspects of climate change is resolved through this book. That issue being the explanation of climate change itself, and how it functions. The idea of taking Climate Change and explaining it through the medium of comics is a genius idea. It is a perfect way of representing all facets of the issue visually which works very well in its favor because the facts and images work perfectly in tandem with one another and comfort me in the idea that this is the perfect avenue for people to truly understand the climate problem in a palatable way.

I, and many others, think that is the key to solving the climate problem is getting people invested. However, it is consistently the case that people feel so far removed from the subject that they can’t bring themselves to truly care about it. As stated in The Nation’s article The New Abolitionism, Global Warming is a concept similar to slavery that demands the American populace be shocked out of apathy into change. The primary difference being that slavery was something truly quantifiable that we could see happening right before our eyes. Climate Change is too, to some extent, though the outcomes and side effects are much less objectively objective. Yes, we can see the ice caps melting, we can see the deterioration of glacier national park, and we can observe the gradually rising temperature. The problem is that people have a tendency to explain away these effects as not being our fault. Arguably, this happened similarly with Slavery, so logically if history is to repeat itself, then eventually people will become shocked out of their apathy and stand up to do something to stop climate change. Hopefully this will not lead to a bloody war pitting brother against brother on the battlefield.

Now, I am not saying that Climate Changed is going to be the catalyst for something like that. Instead, I think that it is a book that will not so much shock people out of apathy, but will gradually win them over. It is a subtle beautifully illustrated depiction of what climate change is and what effect it will have on the world around us, and more importantly than that, why we should care. It takes climate change to its most basic level and tells in such a way that anyone at any age can understand it without dumbing it down. It’s a perfect encapsulation of the subject, and I highly recommend it to absolutely anyone who either doesn’t see it as a problem, or wants to know more about it. It has not completely eased my climate change anxiety, but I’m almost there.

Wait….climate what?

When you first hear the phrase “climate change” so many things come to mind you’re basically overwhelmed. There are so many facts and opinions that come to you, you probably dread reading an essay or editorial or pretty much anything with an excessive amount of facts. So when you first think that someone thought of an expressive way to convey a meaningful message your first thought is, huh? Now when most people think of expressive they get all deep and think of something complicated. But what is the most basic form of expression we have? Words. Books. Pictures. You take and idea or a problem and make it into something people have to get involved with and know more about with out being bored to death.This graphic novel was created specifically with that in mind. With the notion of understanding that most everyday people cannot just read a bunch of facts for an extended period of time and actually have them make sense, let alone enjoy them. That’s not to say that this novel did not have a lot of information..because it did, and the author tries to present them through a personal story that makes you think you’re not just reading cold hard facts. We go from the basic understanding of climate models to the upsetting reality of the impact that climate change will have on the earth. The whole idea of having the reader be distracted from all of the facts by the pictures is negated when we take a look at a scientist explaining nuclear energy for a million individual frames. Its little things like this that can cause a person to ultimately lose interest relatively fast. When the personal touches are brought to life it brings the book back to having that “novel feel” where we see the author’s struggle with trying to help the planet himself by doing small things, such as buying one plane ticket a year. The depictions of his trips captivate and draw your attention in so that you want to know more about what you are reading. I think that when you strip away all of the repetitive scientific stuff, and just listen to the story that he’s trying to tell you can see the bigger picture. It’s crazy to think that with all the information we have about climate change there is still so much hesitation in doing anything about it. Most people are really comfortable saying that it’s “not my problem” and “one non recycled can isn’t gonna change the world any more than a recycled one” but we have to become aware. Aware of our actions and even more aware of the consequences for those actions. Everyone know any book you read will undoubtedly have much more of an impact on you when you feel like you can sympathize and relate to that person on a human level. So when the author throws facts and humanity at you you have no choice but to react. To feel something. To become aware.

I’m A Little Worried Now

Overall though I thought that this book was EXTREMELY successful in educating the reader about climate change in the medium of the graphic novel. The book is a quick read, I finished in about 4 hours. I definitely recommend it to someone who is interested in learning a little about climate change.

Philippe Squarzoni’s book Climate Changes: A personal Journey Through the Science left me slightly depressed. It left me questioning my own life and made me take an honest glance at my future. The book does a wonderful job at taking you through the facts about climate change that isn’t overwhelming. It presents the information in a fun way as a graphic novel. I really enjoyed reading this book and what I am taking away from it.


After reading this book I took a step back and really thought about why this book made me feel as bad as it did. It is quiet scary to think about the fact that in only 15 years from now it will be 2030. The fear becomes so much more real knowing that climate change is set to happen in my very near future. It is even more frustrating knowing that the world really isn’t taking this seriously. I feel like the world is slowly inching its way towards that direction, when we need to be sprinting there.

Not only is it going to affect me in my lifetime, but will also be a huge issue that my children, grandchildren, great grandchildren are all going to have to deal with. This is going to heavily impact their lifetime, especially because we are not taking advantage of the little bit of time we have left to do anything about it.


Thinking back to The Time Machine, I remembered that I wasn’t emotional effected by what I had read, because it was so far ahead into the future. I knew it wouldn’t affect me or anyone else. It was over 800,000 years versus only 15. After reading this I definitely feel worried about the future.


Philippe Squarzoni’s Personal Journey through Climate Change

This was my first comic book that I read to completion. This story definitely made me feel like I was with him in his journey of writing the story. We were able to see his inspiration, research, uncertainty as well as certainty, and how it affects reality. The book reminds me of the class I took last semester called “The Environment”, it was about the environment and the 2 way relationship humans have with it.

The main focus Philippe Squarzoni was determined to push, is that the environmental problem is invertible crisis based on the path we are on. He strongly emphasized that the mentality “the choices I as an individual make, won’t make a difference” and this will lead to our destruction of the earth. However he doesn’t ignore that part of the cycle would happen regardless of human interference. Through his character, he shows us that sacrifices must be made to preserve (reduce the damages we create on) the earth.

Climate Changed: A Personal Journey Through The Science

Climate Changed: A Personal Journey Through The Science by Philippe Squarzoni provides an interesting account of the modern political issue of climate change. Throughout the book there is a complimentary balance between factual information and dialogue. It is through these bits of cold facts and powerful pieces of dialogue that makes the reader question how we got to this horrifying place where our earth continues to suffer due to our wrongdoing. It makes the reader question why humans continue to self-destruct by making poor decisions that they know will be detrimental in the future. Consumerism is the driving force behind our decisions which is why we cannot seem to unify as a collective society and make any real changes, whether that be concerning our political, economic, environmental or social problems. Through the analyzing this book, the issue of climate change unfolds many injustices and faults that exist in our society.

This book is informative and also relatable because the reader is exposed to various perspectives on the issue of climate change. There are two separate dialogues occurring in the book. One dialogue is between members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the other dialogue is between a man, who is in the process of writing a book about climate change, and his wife. Squarzoni decides to contrast these two dialogues: one of an everyday couple and another of a group of people with more political power and knowledge, to show the different perspectives and attitudes people have concerning this issue.

When the man is talking about climate change to his wife the reader gets an overwhelming feeling of helplessness. He is concerned about how climate change is becoming progressively worse and feels as if he cannot have any impact through writing his book. For example the man says to his wife, “Another problem is that we can’t see the change happening. The climate crisis is still far off, too abstract to shift our priorities (page 250).” Squarzoni creates this tone of discouragement in order to draw attention to the mentality that most people in today’s society have regarding climate change. Most people recognize that it is a serious issue but many people are either uneducated about it or feel that any contribution they have will not make a significant difference in helping the problem. The man continues to explain to his wife that the reason why our society is in this position is because of consumerism. “Sure its true, we make our small gestures to save the planet. Turn off the water while we brush our teeth. Buy energy-efficient light bulbs. But are we ready to forego purchasing the next big-screen TV? A more powerful car? Are we ready to give up red meat? (page 257)” He is arguing that as a society we recognize the problem and will do the bare minimum to help, however we will not make any drastic changes to our daily lives. “Climate change is also a symptom of a breakdown of solidarity, a sign on collective selfishness (page 291)”. Again, he is drawing upon this core issue that we have grown to be selfish beings through consumerism. Furthermore, we are unwilling to sacrifice our personal lives, even if that means that our earth continues to diminish.

The dialogue between the members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change also reveals another claim by Squarzoni about our society. These members discussed the issue of climate change from more of a political and economic standpoint. For example, they discuss how climate change is going to result in an increase of diseases, which is going to negatively impact the poor because they cannot afford health care. “Lets say this happens in 2050. The big question is: will the poorer countries of 2050 have health care systems comparable to those of the rich countries today? (page 255)” This excerpt shows the complexity of climate change and explains why there is no simple solution to the problem. Moreover, it shows that in our society the elite are always more protected under our political system than the poor. Again, this relates to theme of selfishness. Through out human history, there has always been a hierarchy of how we categorize humans, which is mainly determined by race and socio economic status.

In the article, The New Abolitionism by Christopher Hayes, he makes an interesting parallel between slavery and climate change. Although the two topics are vastly different, he compares them from an economic and political standpoint. “The connection between slavery and fossil fuels, however, is more than metaphorical. Before the widespread use of fossil fuels, slaves were one of the main sources of energy (if not the main source) for societies stretching back millennia (Hayes).” Slaves produced energy, just like fossil fuels, which is why slaves were viewed as resources instead of human beings. Similar to how people continued to take part in slavery even though they knew it was immoral, people now are continuing to burn fossil fuels even though it is harmful to the earth.

This correlation shows how throughout history, our society has always been motivated by consumerism and individual gain. In other words, by nature, humans are selfish. We will do what is best for our personal lives rather than what is best for the society as a whole. In addition, the only people that are ever in control over the issue, whether it be slavery or climate change, is always the elite. This is represented in the book Climate Changed: A Personal Journey Through The Science through the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Squarzoni chose to contrast this group from an everyday man to show this social divide that exists in our society. If the elite govern the ultimate decisions that are made in our society and they are only interested in personal gain, our society will continue to be at a standstill while issues, such as climate change, continue to worsen.

A Boring Graphic Novel? How?

If you’re looking for an entertaining story about the environmental disaster that is climate change in a fun and friendly graphic novel format, you will be severely disappointed in “Climate Changed” just as I was. Don’t be fooled by the colorful presentation of the novel, this work could have easily done without the illustrations and would have been eerily similar to an academic journal. I’ll be completely honest when I say that I couldn’t make it past the first 100 pages, and I was barely able to stay awake for that much. If you have no background in or base knowledge of environmental issues, this novel will be a struggle to read.

However, as graphic novel is as much its literary content as its illustrative content, it is necessary to note that the drawings are quite beautiful. The clear talent of the illustrator was the only element which kept my attention. In addition, the integration of black and white photographs with the drawings allows for a reminder that this novel is in fact non-fiction; Philippe Squarzoni is very much trying to educate and warn the reader about the very real issue of global warming. It is almost disappointing that his narrative is too boring to be effective. I wanted so badly to be educated and have my mind be opened to how destructive humans are and how the governments are too greedy to care about how its companies are effecting the atmosphere; perhaps I’m too daft to understand the finer details of the situation.

Everybody’s Fault: Philippe Squarzoni Tells Us Why We Should Care About the Climate

Some media buzz was recently generated around the U.S. senate’s historic vote to recognize the existence of climate change, but failure to attribute it to the actions of humanity. At the same time, a recent study has also shown that only around half of the U.S. population believes in humanity’s role in climate change. While the influence of dark money in U.S. politics certainly deserves a fair amount of the blame for these occurrences, there is still something to be said about a population full of citizens who are ignorant about climate change, voting into office a senate full of politicians who are ignorant about climate change. For better or worse, this direct representation of U.S. citizens and their lack of knowledge is the U.S. democracy working as intended, and that is just one of many reasons why climate change is such a troubling problem. Nevertheless, climate change is an issue so massive that the rising sea of ignorance surrounding it is not entirely surprising, and this is why a piece of literature like Philippe Squarzoni’s graphic novel / documentary, Climate Changed: A Personal Journey Through Science, is so important.

As the title suggests, Squarzoni’s graphic novel is a “personal journey,” mixing facts and hard science with the author’s reflections on his own autodidactic experience of understanding the complicated processes behind climate change. In this way, the narrative moments of the graphic novel give the reader room to breathe between intense passages of climatology fundamentals and the political discourses carried on by the scholarly, expert subjects of Squarzoni’s interviews. More importantly, these moments also seek to bridge the gap between reader and author, that is, they remove the hierarchy of the author as the instructor of the reader, instead allowing the reader to learn about climate change alongside the author. Squarzoni begins his graphic novel by lamenting his prior ignorance about climate change: “I’m saying ‘global warming,’ I’m writing ‘greenhouse gases’ every other sentence, and ‘reducing emissions’… and I don’t have a clue what I mean”. (Squarzoni, 32). It is by questioning his own use of these important climate change buzzwords that he is able to introduce the reader to the jargon of climate change without being condescending, and this is in part how Climate Changed helps hook an inexperienced audience and bring them to his side.

Indeed, Squarzoni’s attempts to level himself with his readers serves him well, as one of his primary concerns throughout Climate Changed is the ways in which everybody, political elite and citizen alike, is intertwined with the creation and exacerbation of climate change. He does not so much admonish the common argument that everything is the fault of oil companies, but rather reminds the reader that those companies exist because we as a society are constantly demanding fuel and energy from them. He illustrates this on page 217 with a sketch of a human that is constructed entirely from the technologies and products that create this demand. If Squarzoni is ever accusatory of the reader, it is here when his drawing posits that we as a society are consumers, and that because our lives are so dependent upon the products that we consume, we essentially are these products.

There is something damning about this image of humanity reduced to its frivolous, technological obsessions, and while Squarzoni’s cynical critique of consumer culture may come across as alienating, Squarzoni is sure to emphasize his own role within this culture. His thoughts surrounding the image on page 217 emphasize role of “us” within this cultural-economic system, and through this important semantic distinction, he implicates himself: “Our way of life and CO2 emissions are inextricably linked… All our activities are part of the climate crisis, all our wants… every product we purchase.” (Squarzoni, 216. Italicization added.) When he condemns our role in climate change, he condemns his own role as well, and this is where Squarzoni’s work somewhat differs from writers of climate change who focus exclusively on the fault of the elite.

Such a difference can be illustrated through a comparison between Climated Changed and Christopher Hayes’ “The New Abolition”, in which Hayes is concerned about, (with very good reason), the disastrously large amount CO2 that the oil industry could potentially emit from the use of its untapped reserves. He suggests that one solution to this problem will be the collapse of the oil industry through divestment and political pressure, but he seemingly fails to recognize that regardless of whether the industry struggles, there will still be a demand for fuel as long as our society remains unchanged. The bottom line is that whether the oil industry does burn through all of its fossil fuel reserves or instead leaves them in the ground, there is an enormous economic price to pay, and that either scenario is incompatible with our society as it is today. Hayes recognizes this to the extent that his slavery analogy focuses on the unrivaled worth of cotton to the pre-civil war southern economy, but the analogy falters when considering that the material function of fossil fuels cannot be easily replaced. In other words, motor vehicles run on gasoline, not money, and this is where Squarzoni’s emphasis on “we” warns us that the oil industries are not going to be the only ones to suffer without fossil fuels. Indeed, he makes this point precisely when he states: “I’m just like everybody else. I don’t want to live like some poor person in an underdeveloped country.” (Squarzoni, 214), implying that society cannot sustain its technological, consumerist state without fossil fuels. Here the difference between Hayes and Squarzoni is that while Hayes’ conclusion applauds and encourages the work of environmental activists against large oil companies, Squarzoni’s work drives at why that activism is meaningless without the greater cooperation of society and why that cooperation is so hard to attain.

Perhaps then Squarzoni’s biggest challenge is to convince his readers to join that cooperation while his own skepticism towards progress nevertheless permeates his work. He emphasizes the importance of solidarity, but shows images such as the visual metaphor on page 378, where he and his companion Camille, acting as environmental superheroes, are defeated by insurmountable corporate interests. Likewise he talks about humanity’s gradually closing doorway to escape from climate destruction and asserts on page 452 that we are not going make it through. The one struggle of Climate Changed is thus how to deliver its dire news without giving way to despair.

While Squarzoni certainly indulges himself and his readers in a new found sense of pessimism, he nevertheless attempts to close the novel on a hopeful note by leaving the reader with an image of himself continuing his work. It may not be the kind of happy conclusion the reader wants to see, but it realistically depicts the current state of climate change, that things are not over yet and that there is still much left to do. After everything else Squarzoni tells the reader, solving climate change might seem impossible, but giving it a meager try does not seem like so much to ask, and that is the value of Squarzoni’s ability to break down the nuances of such a complex issue into an accessible dialectic.


Works Cited:

Fischer, Douglas. “”Dark Money” Funds Climate Change Denial Effort.”Scientific American Global RSS. N.p., 23 Dec. 2013. Web. 03 Feb. 2015.

Goldenberg, Suzanne. “US Senate Refuses to Accept Humanity’s Role in Global Climate Change, Again.” The Guardian. N.p., 22 Jan. 2015. Web. 3 Feb. 2015.

Sampler, Ian. “Many Americans Reject Evolution, Deny Climate Change and Find GM Food Unsafe, Survey Finds.” The Guardian. N.p., 29 Jan. 2015. Web. 3 Feb. 2015.

Squarzoni, Philippe, and Nicole Whittington-Evans. Climate Changed: A Personal Journey through the Science. Trans. Ivanka Hahnenberger. New York: Abrams ComicArts, 2014. Print.

Is there any hope for the future?

In reading the Climate Change, I found it informative and also disturbing. Primarily because it seems that the only way to help curtail a environmental disaster is by everyone pulling together to make a difference. I think that great, but can we really do that? It seems like it will take people to actually put into action steps to change the way we live our lives. It made me look at my life and want to change several things that I do to assist in what is a mass movement. The author really expounded on the history which included the rise in temperature, green house gases which help me understand just how global warming is occurring. The way the writing was presented I found it easy to read and follow, even though I was trying to figure out some of the graphics but I think he was trying to make a correlation between facts and how it plays out in everyday life. As a society I hope that we can come together and cause a positive change to our environment. If we just get rid of the SUVs alone that would help greatly. I do not understand how some people are so greedy that they cannot for the better good admit that global warming is real and actively do something about it.


A Tale of Two Climate Changes: Global + Personal

Climate change is one of those problems that is so enormous, most people cannot even begin to wrap their minds around. Due to the issue’s sheer magnitude and its complex nature, climate change is a very difficult topic for common people to approach and study. Due to this, many people opt to simply ignore the problems at hand. With this in mind, Phillipe Squarzoni penned his graphic “novel” Climate Changed: A Personal Journey through the Science with the intent of making climate change an accessible and comprehensible subject. He does this by intertwining scientific dialogues with graphic images, personal anecdotes, and interesting analogies.

On one level, Climate Changed provides its readers with an overload of scientific information. Squarzoni quotes myriad scientists and researchers to present the reader with all of the research he has come across which he believes is essential for the readers to know. At times, these sections of the book dragged on and felt repetitive. However, I realize that this component of the book is entirely crucial for attaining a clear sense of what climate change truly is and how much it can affect our lives. With that being said, it felt to me that these sections of the book were not necessarily incorporated well with the “graphic novel” concept. Seeing 10 panels in a row of a scientist giving his or her statement about various aspects of climate change looked boring and bland in graphic form. I would not like to see this aspect of the book cut out entirely, though I would like to see the repetitive parts (the parts about nuclear energy and social inequality in a climate-changed world felt excruciatingly long to me) trimmed down a bit, and I would have liked to see a more graphically creative way of blending these sections into the book.

On the other hand, there is the “personal journey” aspect of Climate Changed. In these sections of the book, Squarzoni tells his own story of how he approached the idea of writing about climate change. In addition, he talks about the changes that he personally makes in order to help the planet (e.g. limiting himself to one flight per year) and the difficulties that arise from this self-restraint. To me, these sections of the book felt much more visceral for numerous reasons. The graphics and images of his trips to America or his comparisons to movies and novels were much more captivating than merely images of French scientists sitting at a desk and spewing out facts. Additionally, in these sections Squarzoni was able to take difficult topics and break them down to a level which anyone could easily comprehend. He used analogies to a dish being pushed over the edge of a table or a man skydiving sans parachute to really illustrate the direness of this situation. Finally, hearing one man tell of how to make a personal change just seems much more convincing than hearing a scientist present us only with statistics and facts. In the personal journey sections, Squarzoni was truly able to bring this climate change narrative to life and leave an impact on the readers.

In the end, there is no definitive answer to the climate change problem. However, this book provides readers with the necessary facts in order to make informed environmentally conscious decisions in life. While I cannot say that Squarzoni or any of the scientists he quotes have convinced me to ditch my car and go live simplistically out in the woods like Henry David Thoreau, I certainly feel inspired to try to make a series of small yet positive changes in life. While Climate Changed may not have been an entirely engrossing read, I would consider it severely important for anyone who wishes to be more aware about the global climate change issue.